Guides 2017-10-01T10:33:36+00:00

Remember! Our guides are to be used following an assessment with a qualified medical professional. Do not attempt these exercises if you have not been given a formal diagnosis, or given consent to complete these exercises by a Physical Therapist.

Physical Therapy Injury Guides

Tennis Elbow Guide

Tennis elbow or “Lateral Epicondylytis” is a painful condition that most commonly occurs as a result of overusing the extensor tendons of the forearm and elbow joint (a tendon is a structure which connects a muscle to the bone). The tendon most commonly affected is that of the Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis tendon…

READ MORE

Frozen Shoulder Guide

A frozen shoulder is a capsulitis of the shoulder joint causing pain and stiffness. The tissues around the joint stiffen, scar tissue forms, and shoulder movements become difficult and painful. The condition usually comes on slowly, then goes away slowly over the course of a year or more. Prolonged symptoms can cause some concern to patients…

READ MORE

ITB Syndrome (ITBS) Guide

The ITB is a thick fibrous band that runs from the iliac crest down the outside of the leg and across the knee joint, connecting to the outside of the patella on it’s route. It crosses both the hip and the knee joint and has a role in stabilising both.The longstanding theory is that the IT band runs over the femoral condyle as the knee bends creating friction, inflammation and pain…

READ MORE

Plantar Fasciitis Guide

Plantar Fasciitis is a common foot condition that causes heel pain and pain in the sole of the foot. Plantar Fasciitis is inflammation of the Plantar Fascia, a fibrous sheath that runs most of the length of the sole of the foot…

READ MORE

Tension Headache Guide

Headaches have been described as the “most common complaint of humanity,” affecting approximately two thirds of the global population. Tensions headache is a term used to describe headaches that are caused by abnormalities of the joints, muscles, fascia and neural structures of the cervical region and are the most common cause of head and neck pain..

READ MORE

Golfers Elbow Guide

Golfers elbow or “medial epicondylytis” is a painful condition that most commonly occurs as a result of overusing the wrist flexor tendons of the forearm and elbow joint. The tendons most commonly affected are that of the Pronator Teres or the Flexor Carpi Radialis..

READ MORE

Carpal Tunnel Guide

Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when the median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the palm of the hand, becomes pressed or squeezed at the wrist. The median nerve controls sensations to the palm side of the thumb and fingers..

READ MORE

Dementia / Alzheimers Guide

Dementia is a progressively worsening and largely irreversible clinical syndrome that is characterised by a widespread impairment of mental function. Although many people with dementia retain positive personality traits and personal attributes, as their condition progresses..

READ MORE

Ankle Sprain Guide

Ankle sprains continue to be the most common injury sustained in the lower limb. There are traditionally three major types of sprain of the ankle: medial, lateral and anterior. Damage to the lateral ligaments of the ankle, particularly the anterior talofibular ligament is very common on excessive inversion…

READ MORE

Hamstring Strain Guide

Strains and sprains are most commonly caused by excessive overstretching of tissues, strenuous contractions and/or repetitive microtrauma. They are very common, and often resolve after following a course of rehabilitation within a few days to a few months depending on the type of strain. Muscle strains are graded into 3 different categories…

READ MORE

Osgood Schlatters Guide

Osgood Schlatters disease is a condition that occurs at the growth plate in children’s knees, specifically at the tibial tuberosity. Osgood Schlatters is extremely common in highly active adolescents who are going through their growth spurt. It is usually associated with sports that involve repeated contraction of the quadricep muscles…

READ MORE

Knee Replacement Guide

Arthritis causes the weight bearing surfaces (cartilage) of the knee joint to permanently wear away. The cartilage loses its smoothness that a knee joint requires to perform optimally, and this leads to stiffness and pain. Eventually the joint wears out to such an extent that the bone of the femur (thigh bone) grinds on the bone of the tibia (shin bone)…

READ MORE

Neck Pain & Stiffness Guide

A sudden-onset (acute) bout of neck pain is common. Two out of three of us will have neck pain at some time in our lives. In most cases it is not due to a serious disease or neck problem and often the exact cause for the pain is not clear. This is called ‘nonspecific neck pain’. Most are probably due to minor sprains or bad posture.

READ MORE

Shin Splints Guide

Medial tibial stress syndrome (shin splints) is the most common cause of shin pain in athletes and active individuals. It is primarily an overuse injury whereby repetitive strain of the Tibialis Anterior places traction forces on the sheath surrounding the bone, resulting in pain and inflammation of the tibia bone. Shin splints are often an injury resulting from increasing..

READ MORE

Sciatica Guide

Sciatica is a painful condition that begins in the lower lumbar spine and radiates into the buttock and down the back of one leg. Sciatica is very common and typically occurs in approximately 1-6% of the adult population, it rarely develops before the age of 20 and becomes more likely in middle ages (30-40). Pain is caused by the irritation or compression of the sciatic nerve..

READ MORE

Rotator Cuff Injury Guide

Injuries to the rotator cuff  muscles and tendons are among the most common causes of shoulder pain and dysfunction in adults, accounting for almost half (50%) of all major shoulder injuries in the US! A rotator cuff tear is a tear to the tendon insertion of the either of the 4 rotator cuff muscles: Supraspinatus..

READ MORE

Groin Strain Guide

Adductor muscle (groin) strains are a common injury in sports that involve sudden changes of direction or side kicking and are characterised by a history of feeling a “pull” or a strain in the groin (inner thigh) region.  Strains are most commonly caused by excessively overstretching of tissues, strenuous contractions and/or repetitive microtrauma..

READ MORE

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome Guide

Shoulder impingement can be defined as a compression and mechanical abrasion of the rotator cuff structures as they pass beneath the coracoacromial arch during elevation of the arm. The most commonly compressed rotator cuff tendon is that of the Supraspinatus muscle which is highly susceptible to impingement..

READ MORE

Osteoporosis Guide

Osteoporosis is the most common metabolic disorder of bone, and affects more than 200 million people worldwide! The literal definition of Osteoporosis is “porous bones”. Osteoporosis causes bones to become fragile and brittle, which makes them more susceptible to fractures if they are involved in a traumatic injury such as a fall. The disease may be classified as primary or secondary. Primary Osteoporosis is the most common disorder affecting post-menopausal women..

READ MORE

Calf Strain Guide

Acute strain of the Gastrocnemius (large calf muscle) occurs typically when the individual attempts to accelerate by extending the knee from a stationary position with the ankle flexed in dorsiflexion, or when lunging forward. It is commonly injured in racquet sports like squash or tennis when quick sprints are required. The medial (inner) head of the Gastrocnemius muscle is the largest and has a greater capacity for force generating..

READ MORE

Dislocated Shoulder Guide

The shoulder joint is an inherently unstable and shallow ball & socket joint, it is so unstable that it is often described as the equivalent of a golf ball (head of humerus) balancing on a tee (glenoid). As a result, the shoulder joint is very prone to injury and dislocation. One of the most common traumatic sports injuries is the acute dislocation of the glenohumeral (shoulder) joint. In almost all cases of a dislocated shoulder..

READ MORE

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) Guide

Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) also called runners knee, is arguably the most common complaint amongst young adults and athletes. It is mainly an overuse injury which results from poor biomechanics. This is due to an imbalance of the forces controlling patella tracking (quadriceps), and results in pain gradually comes on at the front of the knee, around the knee cap (patella)..

READ MORE

Thigh Strain Guide

Thigh strains typically affect the hip flexor (psoas, Iliac, sartorius, rectus femoris) muscles which are also the main kicking muscles of the hip joint. Strains are seen in all of the quadriceps muscles but are most common in the rectus femoris, which is more vulnerable to strain as it passes over two joints- the hip and the knee. Muscular strains and sprains are most commonly caused by..

READ MORE

Wrist Sprain Guide

A wrist sprain is caused through directed trauma such as slipping or falling onto an outstretched hand whilst competing in sports, specifically a fully pronated hand! If there is sufficient force through the ulnar side of the extended wrist then an injury or tear to the surrounding soft tissues will occur. A sprain is defined as an injury to a ligament. Ligaments are the..

READ MORE

Sever’s Disease Guide

Sever’s disease was fist described by Dr James Sever in 1912 and is often referred to as Calcaneal Apophysitis. Sever’s disease is a very common cause of heel pain and affects millions of skeletally immature children every year. Sever’s is the result of direct inflammation of the Calcaneal apophysis (growth plate) during childhood and is common in..

READ MORE

Hip Replacement Guide

If your hip has been extensively damaged by arthritis, a fracture, or any other joint conditions, common activities such as walking or getting in and out of a chair may become painful and difficult. Your hip may be stiff, and it may be hard to put on your shoes and socks in the morning. You may even feel uncomfortable while resting, sitting on a sofa..

READ MORE

Exercise And Pregnancy Guide

The provision of exercise throughout pregnancy is an extremely effective tool for improving general emotional well-being, maintaining optimal weight management, and controlling blood glucose levels. The majority of women are able to perform exercises during their pregnancy to benefit their health and well-being…

READ MORE

Falls Prevention Guide

As the world’s population surpasses 7 billion people, health care services are facing a multitude of different challenges to deal with their ageing inhabitants and the effects that coincide with the ageing process. By 2035 it is projected that those aged 65 and over will account for 23% of the total population in the UK, an increase from 17% in 2010. Within this population, falls represent the most frequent and severe cause of injury..

READ MORE